Geographic Information System (GIS)
Geographic Information System is a powerful medium for mapping, juxtaposing and statistically analysing spatial, temporal data and numerical data. It could be employed to obtain practical solutions to some of the most pressing issues in elephant conservation. Actuated by the value addition brought about by this tool to the long-term conservation of ecosystems and natural resources, and by the assistance offered to environmental policy-makers, ANCF has integrated the GIS component to most of its programmes. To improve the managing data Arcview 3.2 was upgraded to the current ArcGIS10. All the data is stored using the Arc Catalogue. The growth of web-GIS which allows the sharing of information is also being harnessed. ANCF also maintains a comprehensive database on elephant distribution in Project Elephant Reserves in southern India and to large extent of rest of India. This has division-wise information with detailed maps of elephant distribution, corridors, vegetation and land use. It also includes data on population sizes, preferred habitat area, elephant mortality, crop-raiding intensity, and numbers of endemic trees, birds and mammals. Divisions have been assigned elephant conservation values and threat values based on their importance in maintaining elephant numbers, habitats and associated biodiversity and the threat levels from poaching and elephant human conflict.